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You can balance the elements of design by symmetry (equal balance/formal) or asymmetry (not centered or equal/informal). Asymmetry can be a very powerful tool for "tension" to create a mood of unrest or unease. You can use a combination of the two forms of balance to create a visual "dialogue." Approximate symmetry is in a slight divergence between formal and informal balance. An example of approximate symmetry is a human face.